Naomi Wolf (Author) wiki, bio, age, career,books written and more

Naomi Wolf



Wiki/Biography




  • Naomi R. Wolf (born November 12, 1962) is an American liberal progressive feminist author, journalist, and former political advisor to Al Gore and Bill Clinton.
  • Wolf came to prominence as the author of The Beauty Myth (1991). With the book, she became a leading spokeswoman of what was later described as the third wave of the feminist movement.
  • Such leading feminists as Gloria Steinem and Betty Friedan praised the book; others, including Camille Paglia and Christina Hoff Sommers, criticized it. 
  • She has since written other books, including the bestseller The End of America in 2007 and Vagina: A New Biography. Critics have challenged the quality and veracity of the scholarship in several of her books, including Outrages (2019). 
  • In this case, her serious misreading of court records led to its publication in the U.S. being canceled.
  • Her career in journalism began in 1995 and has included topics such as abortion, the Occupy Wall Street movement, Edward Snowden and ISIS. 
  • She has written for media outlets such as The Nation, The New Republic, The Guardian, and The Huffington Post.

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Naomi Wolf Speech


Personal Information

  • Born: November 12, 1962 (age 57)San Francisco, California, U.S.
  • Occupation: Author, Journalist, Activist, Public Speaker, Business Owner
  • Alma mater: Yale UniversityNew College, Oxford
  • Notable works: The Beauty Myth, The End of AmericaMisconceptions, Fire with FireOutrages
  • Spouse: Brian O'Shea(m. 2018)David Shipley(m. 1993; div. 2005)
  • Children:2

Childhood and education

  • Wolf was born in San Francisco, to a Jewish family. Her mother is Deborah Goleman Wolf, an anthropologist and the author of The Lesbian Community. 
  • Her father was Leonard Wolf, a Romanian-born gothic horror scholar at the University of California, Berkeley, and Yiddish translator. Leonard Wolf died from advanced Parkinson's Disease on March 20, 2019. 
  • Wolf has a brother, Aaron, and a half-brother, Julius, from her father's earlier relationship; it remained his secret until his daughter was in her 30s. 
  • She attended Lowell High School and debated in regional speech tournaments as a member of the Lowell Forensic Society.
  • Wolf attended Yale University, wherein 1984, she received her Bachelor of Arts in English literature. 
  • From 1985 to 1987, she was a Rhodes Scholar at New College, Oxford. Her initial period at Oxford University was difficult for Wolf as she experienced "raw sexism, overt snobbery, and casual antisemitism". 
  • Her writing became so personal and subjective that her tutor advised against submitting her doctoral thesis. Wolf told interviewer Rachel Cooke, writing for The Observer, in 2019: "My subject didn’t exist. I wanted to write feminist theory, and I kept being told by the dons there was no such thing." Her feminist writing at this time formed the basis of her first book, The Beauty Myth.
  • Wolf ultimately returned to Oxford, completing her Doctor of Philosophy degree in English literature in 2015. Her thesis, supervised by Dr. Stefano Evangelista of Trinity College, formed the basis for her 2019 book Outrages: Sex, Censorship, and the Criminalization of Love.

Political consultant

  • Wolf was involved in Bill Clinton's 1996 re-election bid, brainstorming with the president's team about ways to reach female voters.
  •   During Al Gore's bid for the presidency in the 2000 election, Wolf was hired as a consultant to target female voters, reprising her role in the Clinton campaign. Wolf's ideas and participation in the Gore campaign generated considerable media coverage and criticism.
  •  According to a report by Michael Duffy in Time, Wolf was paid a salary of $15,000 (by November 1999, $5,000) per month "in exchange for advice on everything from how to win the women's vote to shirt-and-tie combinations." 
  • This article was the original source of the assertion that Wolf was responsible for Gore's "three-buttoned, earth-toned look."
  • In an interview with Melinda Henneberger in The New York Times, Wolf said she had been appointed in January 1999 and denied ever advising Gore on his wardrobe. 
  • Wolf said she had mentioned the term "alpha male" only once in passing and that "[it] was just a truism, something the pundits had been saying for months, that the vice president is in a supportive role and the President is in an initiatory role ... I used those terms as shorthand in talking about the difference in their job descriptions."
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Naomi Wolf with laptop 


Hard Work of Naomi

The Beauty Myth (1991)

  • Naomi Wolf speaking at Brooklyn Law School, January 29, 2009
  • In 1991, Wolf gained international attention as a spokeswoman of third-wave feminism as a result of the success of her first book The Beauty Myth.
  • which became an international bestseller and was named "one of the seventy most influential books of the twentieth century" by The New York Times.
  •  In the book, she argues that "beauty" as a normative value is entirely socially constructed and that the patriarchy determines the content of that construction intending to maintain women's subjugation.

Fire with Fire (1993)

  • In Fire with Fire (1993), Wolf writes on politics, female empowerment, and women's sexual liberation. 
  • In the U.S. The New York Times assailed the work for its "dubious oversimplifications and highly debatable assertions" and its "disconcerting penchant for inflationary prose," nonetheless noting Wolf's "efforts to articulate accessible, pragmatic feminism, ... helping to replace strident dogma with common sense." 
  • The Time magazine reviewer Martha Duffy dismissed the book as "flawed," although she commented that Wolf was "an engaging raconteur" who was also "savvy about the role of TV – especially the Thomas-Hill hearings and daytime talk shows – in radicalizing women, including homemakers."
  •  She characterized the book as advocating an inclusive strain of feminism that welcomed abortion opponents.

Promiscuities (1997)

  • Promiscuities (1997) reports on and analyzes the shifting patterns of contemporary adolescent sexuality. Wolf argues that literature is rife with examples of male coming-of-age stories, covered autobiographically by D. H. Lawrence, Tobias Wolff, J. D. Salinger, and Ernest Hemingway, and covered misogynistic all by Henry Miller, Philip Roth and Norman Mailer. 
  • Wolf insists, however, that female accounts of adolescent sexuality have been systematically suppressed. She adduces cross-cultural material to demonstrate that women have, across history, been celebrated as more carnal than men. 
  • Wolf also argues that women must reclaim the legitimacy of their own sexuality by shattering the polarization of women between virgin and whore.
  • Times reviewer praised the book: "Anyone—particularly anyone who, like Ms. Wolf, was born in the 1960s—will have a very hard time putting down Promiscuities.
  • Told through a series of confessions, her book is a searing and thoroughly fascinating exploration of the complex wildlife of female sexuality and desire."
  • In contrast, The Library Journal excoriated the work, writing, "Overgeneralization abounds as she attempts to apply the microcosmic events of this mostly white, middle-class, liberal milieu to a whole generation. ... There is a desperate defensiveness in the tone of this book which diminishes the force of her argument.

Misconceptions (2001)

  • Misconceptions (2001) examines pregnancy and childbirth. Most of the book is told through the prism of Wolf's personal experience of her first pregnancy. 
  • She describes the "vacuous impassivity" of the ultrasound technician who gives her the first glimpse of her new baby. 
  • Wolf laments her C-section and examines why the procedure is commonplace in the United States, advocating a return to midwifery. 
  • The second half of the book is anecdotal, focusing on inequalities between parents to child care.
  • In her New York Times review, Claire Dederer suggested it was inappropriate to consider "Wolf as a political theorist, and instead call her a memoirist. 
  • She does her best writing when she's observing her own life." Her capability as a memoirist is not "self-indulgent. It seems vital, and in a sense radical, in the tradition of 1970's feminists who sought to speak to every aspect of women's lives.

The Treehouse (2005)

Wolf's The Treehouse: Eccentric Wisdom from my Father on How to Live, Love, and See (2005) is an account of her midlife crisis attempt to reclaim her creative and poetic vision and revalue her father's love, and her father's force as an artist and a teacher.[citation needed]

The End of America (2007)

  • At The End of America: Letter of Warning to a Young Patriot (2007), Wolf takes a historical look at the rise of fascism, outlining 10 steps necessary for a fascist group (or government) to destroy the democratic character of a nation-state. 
  • The book details how this pattern was implemented in Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, and elsewhere, and analyzes its emergence and application of all the 10 steps in American political affairs since the September 11 attacks.
  • Several years later, Mark Nuckols, argued in The Atlantic that Wolf's supposed historical parallels between incidents from the era of the European dictators and modern America are based on a highly selective reading.

Give Me Liberty (2008)

Give Me Liberty: A Handbook for American Revolutionaries (2008) was written as a sequel to The End of America: Letter of Warning to a Young Patriot. In the book, Wolf looks at times and places in history where citizens were faced with the closing of an open society and successfully fought back.

Vagina: A New Biography (2012)

  • Published in 2012 on the topic of the vagina, Vagina: A New Biography was much criticized, especially by feminist authors. Calling it "ludicrous" in Slate, Katie Roiphe wrote: "I doubt the most brilliant novelist in the world could have created a more skewering satire of Naomi Wolf's career than her latest book."
  • In The Nation, Katha Pollitt considered it a "silly book" containing "much dubious neuroscience and much foolishness.
  •  In The New York Review of Books, ZoĆ« Heller wrote that the book "offers an unusually clear insight into the workings of her mystic feminist philosophy".
  • Part of the book concerns the history of the vagina's representation, but is "full of childlike generalizations" and her understanding of science "is pretty shaky too". 
  • Los Angeles Times columnist Meghan Daum decried the book's "painful" writing and its "hoary ideas about how women think."
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Naomi Wolf

Outrages (2019)

  • Wolf's book Outrages: Sex, Censorship, and the Criminalization of Love were published in 2019, a work based on the 2015 D.Phil. thesis she had completed under the supervision of Trinity College, Oxford literary scholar Dr. Stefano-Maria Evangelista. 
  • In the book, she studies the repression of homosexuality about attitudes towards divorce and prostitution, and also concerning the censorship of books.
  • The book was published in the UK in May 2019 by Virago Press. On June 12, 2019, Outrages was named to the O, The Oprah Magazine's "The 32 Best Books by Women of Summer 2019" list. The following day, the U.S. publisher recalled all copies from U.S. bookstores.
  • An error in a central tenet of the book — a misunderstanding of the term "death recorded" — was identified in a 2019 BBC radio interview with broadcaster and author Matthew Sweet.

Books

  • Wolf, Naomi (2002): The Beauty Myth: How Images of Beauty are Used Against Women. New York: Perennial. ISBN 9780060512187.
  • Wolf, Naomi (1994): Fire with Fire: The New Female Power and How To Use It. New York: Fawcett Columbine. ISBN 9780449909515.
  • Wolf, Naomi (1997): Promiscuities: A Secret History of Female Desire. London: Vintage. ISBN 9780099205913.
  • Wolf, Naomi (2001): Misconceptions: Truth, Lies, and the Unexpected on the Journey to Motherhood. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 9780385493024.
  • Wolf, Naomi (2005): The Treehouse: Eccentric Wisdom from my Father on How to Live, Love, and See. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9780743249775.
  • Wolf, Naomi (2007): The End of America: Letter of Warning to a Young Patriot. White River Junction, Vermont: Chelsea Green Pub. ISBN 9781933392790.
  • Wolf, Naomi (2007): The Inner Compass for Ethics & Excellence, 2007,. ISBN 9781934441282., co-authored with Daniel Goleman
  • Wolf, Naomi (2008): Give me Liberty: A Handbook for American Revolutionaries. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9781416590569.
  • Wolf, Naomi (2012): Vagina: A New Biography. New York, New York: Ecco. ISBN 9780061989162.
  • Wolf, Naomi (2019): Outrages: Sex, Censorship, and the Criminalisation of Love. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 978-0349004082.

Book chapters

Wolf, Naomi (1994). "Hunger". In Fallon, Patricia; Katzman, Melanie A.; Wooley, Susan C. (eds.). Feminist Perspectives on Eating Disorders. New York: Guilford Press. 


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