Bhutan

Kingdom of Bhutan

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Flag of Bhutan


Anthem: "The Thunder Dragon Kingdom"
Capital and largest city: Thimphu( 27°28.0′N 89°38.5′E)
Official languages: Dzongkha
Religion


  • 77.4% Vajrayana Buddhism (official religion)
  • 22.6% Hinduism

Demonym(s): Bhutanese
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy

  • Monarch: Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
  • Prime Minister: Lotay Tshering

Legislature-Parliament

  • Upper house: National Council
  • Lower house: National Assembly

Formation

  • Unification of Bhutan: 1616–1634
  • House of Wangchuck: 17 December 1907
  • Indo-Bhutan Treaty: 8 August 1949
  • UN membership: 21 September 1971
  • Democratic Constitutional monarchy: 18 July 2008

Area

  • Total: 38,394 km2 (14,824 sq mi) (133rd)
  • Water (%): 1.1

Population

  • 2019 estimate: 741,700  (165th)
  • 2017 census: 727,145
  • Density: 19.3/km2 (50.0/sq mi) (196th)
GDP (PPP): 2018 estimate

  • Total: $7.701 billion
  • Per capita: $9,426 (115th)

GDP (nominal): 2018 estimate

  • Total: $2.547 billion
  • Per capita: $3,117 (130th)

Gini (2017): 37.4
HDI (2018): 0.617
Currency: Ngultrum (BTN)
Time zone: UTC+06 (BTT)
Driving side: left
Calling code: +975
ISO 3166 code: BT
Internet TLD .bt

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