The List of Centers of ISRO

Here Is the List of Centers Of ISRO:

The List of Centers Of ISRO
ISRO Centers
  • VSSC
  • LPSC
  • SDSC
  • URSC
  • IPRC
  • SAC
  • NRSC
  • MCF
  • IISU
  • LEOS
  • DECU
  • RRSC
  • IIRS
1.Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC):
  • Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Thiruvananthapuram is the lead center of ISRO responsible for the design and development of the launch vehicle technology.
  • The Centre pursues active research and development in the fields of Aeronautics, Avionics, Materials, Mechanisms, vehicle integration, chemicals, propulsion, space ordnance, structures, space physics, and system reliability.
  • The Centre Undertakes Crucial responsibilities of design, manufacturing, analysis, development, and testing related to the realization of subsystems for different missions.
  • These are sustained by activities towards the program.
  • Planning, execution, and maintenance of all civil works related to the center are also carried out.
  • The center depends on administrative and auxiliary services for support.
  • VSSC has extension centers at Valiamala housing major facilities of mechanisms, vehicle integration, and testing and at vattiyoorkavu for the development of composites.
  • The Ammonium Perchlorate Experimental Plant (APEP) has been set up by VSSC at Aluva near Kochi.
  • The Major Programmes at VSSC include PSLV, GSLV, and Rohini sounding rockets as well as the development of GSLV Mk III, Reusable Launch Vehicles, advanced technology vehicles, air-breathing propulsion and critical technologies towards human spacecraft. 
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2.Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC)
  • Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC) is the center for design, development, and realization of liquid propulsion stages for ISRO's Launch Vehicles.
  • Development of fluid control valves, transducers, propellant management devices for vacuum conditions and other key components of liquid propulsion systems are also under the purview of this center.
  • LPSC activities and facilities are spread across its two campuses namely, LPSC, Valimala, Thiruvananthapuram and LPSC, Bengaluru, Karnataka.
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  1. LPSC, Valimala:
  • It is Responsible for R&D, System Design/ Engineering and Project Management Functions.
  • The Fluid Control Components Entity and the Materials and Manufacturing Entities are Located here apart from the Earth Storable and Cryogenic Propulsion Entities, handling the core tasks of the center.
      2.LPSC, Bengaluru:
  • It is responsible for the design and realization of propulsion systems for remote sensing and communication satellites and other scientific missions.
  • Development and Production Of Transducers and sensors are all undertaken here.
3.Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR:
  • Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR, Sriharikota the Spaceport of India is responsible for Providing Launch Base Infrastructure for the Indian Space Programme.
  • This Centre has Facilities for solid propellent processing, static testing of solid motors, launch vehicles integration and launch operations, range operations comprising telemetry, tracking and command network, and mission control center.
  • The Centre has two launch pads from where the rocket launching operations of PSLV and GSLV are Carried Out.
  • The mandate for the center is to:
  1. To Produce solid propellant boosters for the launch vehicle Programmes of ISRO.
  2. To Provide the Infrastructure for qualifying various subsystems and solid rocket motors and carrying out the necessary tests. 
  3. To Provide Launch Base Infrastructure for Satellites and Launch Vehicles.
  • SDSC SHAR has a separate launch pad for launching sounding rockets.
  • The Centre also provides the necessary launch base Infrastructure for Sounding rockets of ISRO and for assembly, Integration, and Launch of Sounding rockets and payloads.
  • Click Here To Know More About SDSC SHAR
4. U R Rao Satellite Centre (URSC):
  • U R Rao Satellite Centre (URSC), Bengaluru formerly Known as ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC) is the lead Centre for building satellites and developing associated technologies.
  • These Spacecraft are Used for Providing applications to various users in the area of communication, Navigation, Meteorology, Remote Sensing, Space Science and Interplanetary explorations.
  • The Centre is also pursuing advanced technologies for future missions.
  • URSC is housed with state of the art facilities for building satellites on end to end basis.
  • ISRO Satellite Integration and Test Establishment (ISITE) is equipped with the state of the art cleanroom facilities for spacecraft integration and test facilities including a 6.5 meters thermal vacuum chamber, Vibration facility, compact Antenna Test Facility, and Acoustic test Facility Under One Roof.
  • Assembly, Integration, and Testing of all communication and Navigation Spacecraft are carried out at ISITE.
  • A Dedicated facility for the Productionisation of Standardised Subsystems is Established at ISITE.
  • URSC has a unit called Laboratory for Electro-Optics Systems (LEOS), Which is Situated in Peenya, Bengaluru and Is Mainly Responsible For Research, Development, and Productionisation of  Sensors for ISRO Programmes.
  • URSC has the distinction of buildings more than 100 satellites for various applications Like Scientific, Communication, Navigation and remote sensing.
  • Many Private and Public Sector Industries are also Supporting ISAC in realizing Standard Satellite hardware.
  • Click Here To Know More About URSC.
5.ISRO Propulsion Complex(IPRC):

  • ISRO Propulsion Complex(IPRC), Mahendragiri Equipped with the state of the art facilities necessary for realizing the cutting edge propulsion technology products for the Indian Space Programme.
  • Formerly, IPRC was Known as LPS, Mahendragiri and Taking Cognizance of the future growth of the Space Program of Our Nation and The Concomitant expansion at Mahendragiru, it Was elevated as IPRC with effect from February 01, 2014.
  • The Activities carried out at IPRC  Mahendragiri are: 
  1. Assembly, Integration, and Testing of earth Storable Propellant Engines, Cryogenic engines, and stages for launch vehicles
  2.  High altitude testing of upper-stage engines and SpaceCraft thrusters as well as testing of its subsystems 
  3. Production and supply of Cryogenic propellants for the Indian Cryogenic rocket program.
  • A Semi Cryogenic Propellant Cold Flow Test facility(SCFT) has been established at IPRC, Mahendragiri for the qualifications, developments and acceptance testing of semi cryogenic engine subsystems.
  • IPRC is responsible for the supply of storable Liquid Propellants for ISRO's Launch vehicles and Satellites Programmes.
  • IPRC delivers quality products to meet the zero defect demand of the ISRO space Programme ensuring high standards of Safety and Reliability.
  • It also carries out Research & Development and Technology Development Programme (TDP) towards Continued Improvements of its Contribution to the Indian Space Programme.
  • Click Here To Know About IPRC.
6.Space Applications Centre(SAC):

  • Space Applications Centre (SAC) at Ahmedabad is spread across two campuses having multi-disciplinary activities. 
  • The core competence of the Centre lies in the development of spaceborne and airborne instruments/payloads and their applications for national development and societal benefits. 
  • These applications are in diverse areas and primarily meet the communication, navigation and remote sensing needs of the country. 
  • Besides these, the Centre also contributed significantly to scientific and planetary missions of ISRO like Chandrayaan-1, Mars Orbiter Mission, etc. The communication transponders developed at this Centre for Indian National Satellite (INSAT) and Geo Synchronous Satellite (GSAT) series of satellites are used by the government and private sector for VSAT, DTH, Internet, broadcasting, telephones, etc.
  • Main Engine and Stage Test Facility at IPRC This center also designs and develops the optical and microwave sensors for the satellites, signal, and image processing software, GIS software and many applications for the Earth Observation (EO) program of ISRO. 
  • These applications are in diverse areas of Geosciences, Agriculture, Environment and Climate Change, Physical Oceanography, Biological Oceanography, Atmosphere, Cryosphere, Hydrosphere, etc. 
  • The facilities at SAC include highly sophisticated payload integration laboratories, electronic and mechanical fabrication facilities, environmental test facilities, systems reliability/assurance group, image processing and analysis facilities, project management support group and a well-stocked library. 
  • SAC has active collaborations with industry, academia, national and international institutes for research and development. 
  • The Centre also conducts nine-month post-graduate diploma courses for students from the Asia Pacific region under the aegis of the Centre for Space Science and Technology Education (CSSTE-AP) in satellite meteorology and communication.
  • Click Here To Know More About SAC.
7.National Remote Sensing Centre(NRSC):

  • National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) at Hyderabad is responsible for remote sensing satellite data acquisition and processing, data dissemination, aerial remote sensing and decision support for disaster management. 
  • NRSC has a data reception station at Shadnagar near Hyderabad for acquiring data from Indian remote sensing satellites as well as others.
  • NRSC Ground station at Shadnagar acquires Earth Observation data from Indian remote-sensing satellites as well as from different foreign satellites. 
  • NRSC is also engaged in executing remote sensing application projects in collaboration with the users. 
  • The Aerial Services and Digital Mapping (ASDM) Area provides end-to-end Aerial Remote Sensing services and value-added solutions for various large scale applications like aerial photography and digital mapping, infrastructure planning, scanner surveys, aeromagnetic surveys, large scale base map, topographic and cadastral level mapping, etc.
  • Regional Remote Sensing Centres (RRSCs) support various remote sensing tasks specific to their regions as well as at the national level. 
  • RRSCs are carrying out application projects encompassing all the fields of natural resources. RRSCs are also, involved in software development, customization and packaging specific to user requirements and conducting regular training programs for users in geo-spatial technology, particularly digital image processing and Geographical Information System (GIS) applications.
  • Click Here To Know More About.
8.ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network(ISTRAC):

  • ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC), Bengaluru is entrusted with the major responsibility to provide tracking support for all the satellite and launch vehicle missions of ISRO. 
  • The major objectives of the center are: carrying out mission operations of all operational remote sensing and scientific satellites, providing Telemetry, Tracking and Command (TTC) services from launch vehicle lift-off till injection of a satellite into orbit and to estimate its preliminary orbit in space and hardware and software developmental activities that enhance the capabilities of ISTRAC for providing flawless TTC and Mission Operations services. 
  • Towards, these objectives, ISTRAC has established a network of ground stations at Bengaluru, Lucknow, Mauritius, Sriharikota, Port Blair, Thiruvananthapuram, Brunei, Biak (Indonesia) and the Deep Space Network Stations.
  • In keeping with its long-established TTC support responsibility, ISTRAC has also been mandated to provide space operations support for Deep Space Missions of ISRO, undertake the development of radar systems for launch vehicle tracking and meteorological applications, establish and operationalize the ground segment for Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System, provide Search & Rescue and Disaster Management Services and support space-based services like telemedicine, Village Resource Centre (VRC) and tele -education.
  • Click Here To Know More About ISTRAC.
9.Master Control Facility(MCF):
  • Master Control Facility (MCF) at Hassan in Karnataka and Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh monitors and controls all the Geostationary / Geosynchronous satellites of ISRO, namely, INSAT, GSAT, Kalpana and IRNSS series of satellites. 
  • MCF is responsible for the Orbit Raising of satellites, In-orbit payload testing, and On-orbit operations all through the life of these satellites. 
  • MCF activities include round-the-clock Tracking, Telemetry & Commanding (TT&C) operations, and special operations like Eclipse management, Station-keeping maneuvers and recovery actions in case of contingencies. 
  • MCF interacts with User Agencies for effective utilization of the satellite payloads and to minimize the service disturbances during special operations.
  • Click Here To Know More About MCF.
10.ISRO Intertial System Unit(IISU):

  • ISRO Inertial Systems Unit (IISU), Thiruvananthapuram is responsible for the design and development of Inertial Systems for Launch Vehicles and Spacecraft programs of ISRO. 
  • Major systems like Inertial Navigation Systems based on mechanical gyros and optical gyros, Attitude Reference Systems, Rate Gyro Packages, and Accelerometer Packages are developed indigenously and used in various missions of ISRO.
  •  IISU also designs and develops Actuators and Mechanisms for spacecraft and allied applications.
  • IISU is engaged in continuous research and development too. 
  • The experience and knowledge gained over the years are used for perfecting the present class of sensors and systems and developing new technologies. 
  • Further IISU has also initiated advanced technology development programs in niche areas to adapt itself as a Centre of Excellence in Inertial Sensors and Systems. IISU strives to make the system's cost-effective, reliable and realizable in tune with global trends.
11.Laboratory for Electro-Optics Systems(LEOS):

  • The Laboratory for Electro-Optics Systems (LEOS), Bengaluru is responsible for the design, development, and production of electro-optic sensors and optics for spacecraft use.
  •  The sensor system includes earth sensors, star sensors, sun sensors, magnetic sensors, fiber optic gyro, temperature sensors, and processing electronics. 
  • Optics system includes optics for remote sensing cameras, radiometers, star sensor optics, optical filter, optical masks, optical coatings, IR detectors, and MEMS-based inclinometer.
  • LEOS is actively involved in the development of new technologies for present / future satellites. 
  • This includes development active pixel sensor star tracker, Charge-Coupled Device (CCD) based star tracker, Fiber Optics Gyro, Optical inter-satellite link, high-resolution camera optics, optical coatings, and MEMS devices (magnetometer, accelerometer, etc.).
  • LEOS is situated at Peenya Industrial Estate, Bengaluru where the first Indian Satellite Aryabhata was fabricated in 1975.
12.Development and Educational Communication Unit(DECU):

  • The Development and Educational Communication Unit (DECU) at Ahmedabad, is dedicated to realizing satellite communication based societal applications in the country. 
  • The major activities of DECU are – SATCOM networks configuration, implementation, upgradation, migration, utilization, sustenance, social research and evaluation, Programme production and transmission and Training. 
  • It works with user agencies and experiments with innovative configurations to meet their requirements and facilitates in covering the ‘last mile’ in space applications to reach the unreached.
  • The major programs carried out by DECU include Telemedicine (TM), Tele-Education (TE), Projects resulted as an outcome of the national meet of space technology and tools and other SATCOM based applications for the national development.  
  • Click Here To Know More About DECU.
13.Indian Institute Of Remote Sensing(IISR):
  • Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS) at Dehradun is a premier institute with the objective of capacity building in Remote Sensing and Geo-informatics and their applications through education and training programs at the postgraduate level. 
  • The Institute also hosts and provides support to the Centre for Space Science and Technology Education in Asia and the Pacific (CSSTE-AP), affiliated to the United Nations.
  •  The training and education programs of the Institute are designed to meet the requirements of various target/user groups, i.e., for professionals at working, middle and supervisory levels, fresh graduates, researchers, academia, and decision-makers. The duration of courses ranges from one week to two years.
  • Click Here To Know More About IISR.
14.Department Of Space and ISRO HQ:

  • The Department of Space (DOS) has the primary objective of promoting the development and application of space science and technology to assist in the all-round development of the nation. Towards this, DOS has evolved the following programs: 1. Launch Vehicle program having the indigenous capability for launching spacecraft.
  • 2.INSAT Programme for telecommunications, broadcasting, meteorology, development of education, etc.
  • 3. Remote Sensing Programme for application of satellite imagery for various developmental purposes.Research and Development in Space Sciences and Technology for serving the end of applying them for national development.
  • OrganisationWith the setting up of the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) in 1962, the space activities in the country were initiated. 
  • In the same year, the work on Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) near Thiruvananthapuram was also started. 
  • Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) was established in August 1969. The Government of India constituted the Space Commission and established the Department of Space (DOS) in June 1972 and brought ISRO under DOS in September 1972. 
  • The Space Commission formulates the policies and oversees the implementation of the Indian space program to promote the development and application of space science and technology for the socio-economic benefit of the country. 
  • DOS implements these programs through, mainly, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), National Atmospheric Research Laboratory (NARL), North Eastern-Space Applications Centre (NE-SAC) and Semi-Conductor Laboratory (SCL). 
  • The Antrix Corporation, established in 1992 as a government-owned company, markets the space products and services. 
  •  The establishment of space systems and their applications are coordinated by the national level committees, namely, INSAT Coordination Committee (ICC), Planning Committee on National Natural Resources Management System (PC-NNRMS) and Advisory Committee of on Space Sciences (ADCOS). 
  • The Secretariat of DOS and ISRO Headquarters are located at Antariksh Bhavan in Bangalore. 
  • Program offices at ISRO Headquarters coordinate the programs like satellite communication, earth observation, launch vehicle, space science, disaster management support, sponsored research scheme, contracts management, international cooperation, safety, reliability, publications and public relations, budget & economic analysis, civil engineering and human resources development.
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15.Antrix Corporation Limited:
  • Antrix Corporation Limited (ACL), Bengaluru is a wholly owned Government of India Company under the administrative control of the Department of Space. 
  • Antrix Corporation Limited was incorporated as a private limited company owned by the Government of India in September 1992 as a Marketing arm of ISRO for promotion and commercial exploitation of space products, technical consultancy services and transfer of technologies developed by ISRO.
  •  Another major objective is to facilitate the development of space-related industrial capabilities in India.
  • As the commercial and marketing arm of ISRO, Antrix is engaged in providing Space products and services to international customers worldwide.
  •  With fully equipped state-of-the-art facilities, Antrix provides an end-to-end solution for many of the space products, ranging from supply of hardware and software including simple subsystems to a complex spacecraft, for varied applications covering communications, earth observation, and scientific missions; space-related services including remote sensing data service, Transponder lease service; Launch services through the operational launch vehicles (PSLV and GSLV); Mission support services; and a host of consultancy and training services.
  • Click Here To Know More

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